Lecture 40: The Once and Future Sun
How will the Sun evolve? The Sun is now a middle-aged, low-mass, Main Sequence star in a state of hydrostatic and thermal equilibrium that has consumed about half of the Hydrogen available for fusion in its core. What will its subsequent evolution be as its core runs out of Hydrogen? This lecture describes our current state of understanding of the expected evolution of the Sun, informed by a combination of state-of-the-art solar models and stellar evolution codes, and data gathered from observations of nearby stars in our Galaxy. We will trace the future history of the Sun from the present until it begins its final phase as a fading White Dwarf some 8 Billion years in the future. Along the way, we'll also ask what will become of Earth. Recorded 2006 March 6 in 1008 Evans Laboratory on the Columbus campus of The Ohio State University.